EPSCoR - Alaska Adapting to Changing Environments

EPSCoR - Alaska Adapting to Changing Environments

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Novel approaches to modeling and mapping terrestrial vertebrate occurrence in the Northwest and Alaska: an evaluation

Predicting species occurrence is central to ecology and numerous modeling approaches have been applied, including deductive and inductive. We conducted two modeling projects, one in Northwest U.S. and the other in Alaska, to evaluate the potential of improving species distribution models by combining deductive and inductive modeling approaches for over 1,000 taxa. Our objectives were to map each species' range, produce an inductive distribution model based on species occurrence records using Maxent and a deductive distribution model using expert knowledge of species-habitat associations, combine their output, and compare their relative strengths and limitations. While the two projects were independent, but related, in general, our methods included compiling species occurrence records, environmental variables, habitat associations, and assessing model accuracy. We had 342 deductive and 213 combined models in Northwest U.S. and 222 deductive, 74 inductive, and 37 combined models in Alaska selected as final models. Despite extensive efforts to filter occurrence data for our inductive models, our deductive models were often selected as the final models and were comparable to combined models. How well a deductive, inductive, or combined model represented a species distribution depended on the quality and quantity of input data. We found that collecting high-quality occurrence data, assembling accurate environmental data, obtaining rigorous expert input, and addressing sampling bias were vital. Our modeling efforts have improved the existing data, modeling, and understanding of many taxa. All species ranges and distribution models are available online.

Data and Resources

  • View website
    Website :: Publisher's website

    http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3955/046.089.0405

Status: Complete
Type: Project
Data Types: Report
Primary Contact
Clucas, Tania
Email: thclucas@alaska.edu
Primary Agency
EPSCoR - Alaska Adapting to Changing Environments
Type
Academic

Funding Agency
EPSCoR - Alaska Adapting to Changing Environments
Type
Academic

Other Agencies
National Science Foundation

ISO Topics
environment

Geo-keywords
Alaska

Direct Record Link
http://epscor.portal.gina.alaska.edu/catalogs/11793-novel-approaches-to-modeling-and-mapping-terres
  • 01c8ceef3d596f40f05bf496ca00d929
    Published by Lisa
    2016-10-28 14:33:51 -0800
  • 01c8ceef3d596f40f05bf496ca00d929
    Updated by Lisa
    2016-10-28 14:33:30 -0800
  • A01710a84bb2b48878decca075ee597f
    Updated by Patrick
    2016-10-26 09:57:54 -0800
  • A01710a84bb2b48878decca075ee597f
    New record created
    2016-10-26 09:56:57 -0800
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