EPSCoR - Alaska Adapting to Changing Environments

EPSCoR - Alaska Adapting to Changing Environments

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Changing Daily Wind Speeds on Alaska’s North Slope: Implications for Rural Hunting Opportunities

Because of their reliance on the harvest of fish and game, Alaskan rural communities have experienced a variety of impacts from climate change, the effects of which are amplified at high latitudes. We collaborated with hunters from the coastal community of Wainwright, Alaska, to document their observations of environmental change (e.g., sea ice, wind, temperature) and the implications of those changes for opportunities to hunt bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus) during spring and caribou (Rangifer tarandus) during summer. We integrated hunter observations on wind with statistical analysis of daily wind speed data collected in the nearby community of Barrow, Alaska, between 1971 and 2010 to characterize changes in the number of days with suitable hunting conditions. Hunters in Wainwright currently observe fewer days than in previous decades with wind conditions suitable for safely hunting bowhead whales and caribou. The statistical analysis of wind speed data supported these conclusions and suggested that the annual windows of opportunity for hunting each species have decreased by up to seven days since 1971. This study demonstrates the potential power of collaboration between local communities and researchers to characterize the societal impacts of climate change. Continued collaborative research with residents of rural northern Alaskan communities could produce knowledge and develop tools to help rural Alaskans adapt to novel social-ecological conditions.

Data and Resources

  • View website
    Website :: Publisher's website

    http://arctic.journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/arctic/index.php/arctic/article/view/4331/4311

Status: Complete
Type: Project
Data Types: Report
Primary Contact
Kofinas, Gary
Email: gary.kofinas@alaska.edu
Primary Agency
EPSCoR - Alaska Adapting to Changing Environments
Type
Academic

Funding Agency
EPSCoR - Alaska Adapting to Changing Environments
Type
Academic

Other Agencies
National Science Foundation

ISO Topics
climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere, oceans, transportation

Geo-keywords
Alaska, Northslope Borough

Source Portal
Northern Test Case ::

Direct Record Link
http://epscor.portal.gina.alaska.edu/catalogs/11741-changing-daily-wind-speeds-on-alaska-s-north-sl
  • 01c8ceef3d596f40f05bf496ca00d929
    Published by Lisa
    2016-09-22 10:26:34 -0800
  • 01c8ceef3d596f40f05bf496ca00d929
    Updated by Lisa
    2016-09-22 10:26:17 -0800
  • 54f31cdd126d223f25ff87f2305bf214
    New record created
    2016-09-20 15:36:34 -0800
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